LinuxNotes on the unix based operating system.
I am currently using Ubuntu 20.04 LTS on a ThinkPad P50. For more information on my hardware and software setup, please see the list of tools.
Basic command line tools needed for every day usage.
|ls||lists directory content|
|man||shows the manual of a program|
|sudo||execute command as priviledged user|
rsync stands for "remote sync" and is a remote and local file synchronisation program.
rsync $source $destination
a - archive/preserve permissions/recurse v - verbose output (doesn't work with --info=progress2) t - preserve modification time u - update (skip files newer on the receiver) P - show file progress n - dry run h - human readable file sizes z - compression during transfer
A .tar.gz file is a container archive. It can bundle multiple files into one. To compress the package content, an additional programm such as gzip is needed.
tar xvzf file.tar.gz
x - tells tar to extract the files v - verbose (outputs process information to the command line) z - tells tar to uncompress the files f - tells tar that a file name is provided
To install .deb files use
sudo dpkg --install packagename.deb
cmus is a command line based music player.
x - play c - pause v - stop z - previous track b - next track / - search n - search next N - search previous u - update cache M - toggle play library/playlist s - toggle shuffle o - toggle shuffle album y - copy selected tracks to playlist t - toggle remaining time r - toggle repeat ^R- toggle repeat current
p - move track down P - move track up D - remove track
:add [-l] [-p] <file|dir> Add file/dir/url/playlist to the specified view or the current view. -l add to library -p add to playlist :clear [-l] [-p] [-q] Remove all tracks from the specified view or the current view. -l clear library -p clear playlist -q clear play queue :pl-rename <name> Renames the selected playlist :pl-create <name> Creates a new playlist :unmark Clear track selection
To switch the default active/inactive row highlighting, set these options
set color_win_inactive_sel_fg=default set color_win_inactive_sel_bg=blue set color_win_sel_bg=white set color_win_sel_fg=black set color_win_cur_sel_fg=blue set color_win_cur_sel_bg=white